Test Bank: Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care 7th edition Ladewig, London 978-0135025857

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  • Test Bank: Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care 7th edition Ladewig, London 978-0135025857
  • Price: $15
  • Published: 2009
  • ISBN-10: 0135025850
  • ISBN-13: 978-0135025857

Description

Test Bank: Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care 7th edition Ladewig, London 978-0135025857

Chapter 01_LO 01_Q01

The Labor and Delivery nurse and a nurse new to the Labor and Delivery unit are admitting a laboring client. The client is making groaning guttural sounds during contractions, and answering questions with one-word answers. The Labor and Delivery nurse simultaneously is quickly setting up the instruments and sterile field for this delivery while asking the admission questions between contractions. The experienced Labor and Delivery nurse has not yet completed a pelvic exam. The nurse new to Labor and Delivery understands that this is an example of:

  1. An expert nurse assessing advanced labor and imminent delivery in the client.
  2. The correct order of steps when admitting laboring clients.
  3. Inconsistencies in an individual nurse’s approach to client care.
  4. Advanced nurse practice.

Correct answer: 1

Rationale:

  1. An expert nurse utilizes multiple aspects of a client’s behavior (including the length of each response to a question, and sounds the patient produces during contractions) in addition to the more objective findings of the pelvic exam (including dilation of the cervix) in the assessment of a laboring client. The expert nurse has identified that the grunting and guttural sounds during contractions are involuntary pushing, and that the client is very close to delivery.
  2. Although most nurses have a routine when admitting a client, the order of the steps will vary according to the situation at hand.
  3. Changing the order of the steps of admission is not being inconsistent; changing the order of the steps of admission is responsive to the needs of the client at that point in time.
  4. Advanced nurse practice describes educational and certification achievement, and is not used to describe the continuum from novice to expert.

Cognitive level: Application

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: 1.1 Distinguish between the education, qualifications, and scope of practice in nurses caring for childbearing families.

 

Chapter 01 LO01 Q02

Currently, one-third of children under 20 years old come from families of minority populations. The new nurse is observing her preceptor assess the patient’s communication pattern, religious beliefs, level of education, and support system. The new nurse understands that the best reason for her preceptor to assess these areas is to increase the:

  1. Patient’s cooperation with the plan of care.
  2. Hospital’s compliance with JCAHO standards.
  3. Nurse’s knowledge of cultural beliefs.
  4. Patient’s satisfaction with her care.

Correct answer: 1

Rationale:

  1. Gaining cooperation with the plan of care increases the outcome desired at discharge. When a patient’s value system is not included in the plan of care, it will decrease compliance with the treatment plan and possibly increase the length of stay, and decrease the desired outcome at discharge.
  2. Although compliance with JCAHO standards is very important, it is more important to gain patient cooperation with the plan of care.
  3. The nurse’s knowledge of cultural beliefs increases the ability to care for the patient, but without patient cooperation with the plan of care, the nurse’s knowledge is lost.
  4. Patient satisfaction with care is important, but the prime reason for the satisfaction is the nurse’s taking time to gain patient cooperation with the plan of care.

Cognitive Level: Application

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: 1.1 Distinguish between the education, qualifications, and scope of practice in nurses caring for childbearing families.

 

Chapter 01_LO2 _Q03

The client is attending a clinic held in a church basement for her prenatal care. The client’s care is provided by registered nurses and a certified nurse-midwife. This type of prenatal care is an example of:

  1. Secondary care.
  2. Tertiary care.
  3. Community care.
  4. Unnecessarily costly care.

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale:

  1. Secondary care is specialized care; an example is checking the hemoglobin A1C of a diabetic at an endocrine clinic.
  2. Tertiary care is very specialized, and includes trauma units and neonatal intensive care units.
  3. Prenatal care is primary care. Community care is often provided at clinics in neighborhoods to facilitate access by clients to primary care, including prenatal care and prevention of illness.
  4. Community care decreases costs while improving client outcomes, and is not unnecessarily expensive.

Cognitive level: Application

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome: 1.2 Describe the use of community-based nursing care in meeting the needs of childbearing families.

 

Chapter 01_LO03 _Q04

The registered nurse has completed a master’s degree program and passed a national certification exam. The nurse has clinic appointments with clients who are pregnant or seeking well-woman care. The role of this nurse would be considered:

  1. Professional nurse.
  2. Certified registered nurse (RNC).
  3. Clinical nurse specialist.
  4. Nurse practitioner.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale:

  1. A professional nurse is one who has completed an accredited basic educational program and has passed NCLEX.
  2. A certified registered nurse (RNC) has shown expertise in the field and has taken a national certification exam.
  3. A clinical nurse specialist has completed a master’s degree program, and has specialized knowledge and competence in a specific clinical area, and often is employed in the hospital on specialized units.
  4. A nurse practitioner has completed either a master’s or doctoral degree in nursing and passed a certification exam, and functions as an advanced practice nurse. Ambulatory care settings and the community are common sites for nurse practitioners to provide client care.

Cognitive level: Application

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome: 1.3 Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

 

Chapter 01_LO03 _Q05

The certified nurse–midwife (CNM) role includes which of the following? Select all that apply.

  1. Is prepared to manage independently the care of women at low risk for complications during pregnancy and birth.
  2. Gives primary care for high-risk clients who are in hospital settings.
  3. Gives primary care for healthy newborns.
  4. Obtains a physician consultation for any technical procedures at delivery.
  5. Is educated in two disciplines of nursing.

Correct Answers: 1, 3, 5

Rationale:

  1. A CNM is prepared to manage independently the care of women at low risk for complications during pregnancy and birth.
  2. CNMs cannot give primary care for high-risk clients who are in hospital settings.

The physician provides the primary care for high-risk clients who are in hospital settings.

  1. A CNM is prepared to manage independently the care of healthy newborns.
  2. The CNM does not need to obtain a physician consultation for any technical procedures at delivery.
  3. The CNM is educated in the disciplines of nursing and midwifery.

 

Cognitive Level: Planning

Category of Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Nursing Process: Application

Learning Outcome: 1.3 Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

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Chapter 01_LO03 _Q06

The new graduate is learning about advanced practice nursing. Which of the following situations best illustrates an advanced practice nursing role? Select all that apply.

  1. An experienced registered nurse who is the manager of a large obstetrical unit
  2. A registered nurse who is the circulating nurse at surgical (cesarean) deliveries
  3. A clinical nurse specialist who is working as a staff nurse on a mother–baby unit
  4. A nurse practitioner who is consulting with a physician in the newborn nursery
  5. A nurse–midwife attending vaginal deliveries of uncomplicated pregnancies

Answer: 4, 5

Rationale:

  1. Management roles are often held by professional nurses.
  2. Unit-specific skills such as circulating during cesarean births do not require additional formal education.
  3. An advanced practice nurse working as a staff nurse is not working in the role of advanced practice.
  4. Advanced practice nurses have received additional specialized education beyond registered nursing, and tend to have a clinical focus. Nurse practitioners make clinical judgment and begin treatment, and consult a physician as needed.
  5. It is within the scope of practice for certified nurse–midwives to attend deliveries of essentially normal patients with essentially normal pregnancies.

Cognitive Level: Analysis

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome 1.3 Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

Chapter 01_LO03 _Q07

The major focus of the nurse practitioner is on:

  1. Leadership.
  2. Physical and psychosocial clinical assessment.
  3. Independent care of the high-risk, pregnant client.
  4. Tertiary prevention.

Correct Answer: 2

 

Rationale:

  1. Leadership might be a quality of the NP, but it is not the major focus.
  2. Physical and psychosocial clinical assessment is the major focus of the nurse practitioner (NP), who provides care in many different clinical settings.
  3. NPs cannot provide independent care of the high-risk pregnant client but must work under a physician’s supervision.
  4. The NP cannot do tertiary prevention as a major focus.

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Category of Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome 1.3 Identify the nursing roles available to the maternal–newborn nurse.

 

 

Chapter 01_LO 04_Q08

The nurse is reviewing charts for quality improvement. A client experienced a complication during labor. The nurse is uncertain if the labor nurse took the appropriate action during the situation. What is the best method for the quality improvement nurse to determine what the appropriate action by the nurse should have been?

  1. Call the nurse manager of the Labor and Delivery unit and ask what the nurse should have done.
  2. Ask the departmental chair of the obstetrical physicians what the best nursing action should have been.
  3. Examine other charts to find cases of the same complication, and determine how it was handled in those situations.
  4. Look in the policy and procedure book, and examine the practice guidelines published by a professional nursing organization.

Correct Answer: 4

Rationale:

  1. The nurse should find the standards herself, and not rely on another person, such as the Labor and Delivery nurse manager, to determine appropriateness of care.
  2. Physician care and nursing care are very different; physicians might not be up to date on nursing standards of care or nursing policies and procedures.
  3. What nursing action was undertaken in a different situation might not be based on the policies and procedures or other standards of care. The quality improvement nurse will obtain the most accurate information by examining the policies, procedures, and standards of care.
  4. Agency policies, procedures, and protocols contain guidelines for nursing action in specific situations. Professional organizations such as the Association of Women’s Health, Obstetrical, and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) also publish standards of practice that should guide nursing care.

Cognitive level: Application

Category of Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment

Nursing Process: Evaluation

Learning Outcome: 1.4 Identify legal and ethical principles in the practice of maternal–newborn nursing.

 

Chapter 01_LO 04_Q09

According to the 1973 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade, abortion is legal if induced:

  1. At a federally funded clinic.
  2. Before the period of viability.
  3. To provide tissue for therapeutic research.
  4. At a military hospital overseas.

Correct answer: 2

Rationale:

  1. At a federally funded clinic, abortions can be provided legally if under United States laws.
  2. Abortion can be performed legally until the period of viability; after viability, the rights of the fetus take precedence.
  3. Abortion cannot be used to provide tissue for therapeutic research.
  4. At a military hospital overseas, abortions can be provided legally if under United States laws.

Cognitive Level: Assessment

Category of Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment

Nursing Process: Knowledge

Learning Outcome: 1.4 Identify legal and ethical principles in the practice of maternal–newborn nursing.

 

Chapter 01_LO 05_Q10

The nurse is caring for a client who has delivered her first child. The client states, “My mother said that I have to have a bowel movement before I can go home, but my girlfriend said that isn’t true anymore. What caused this change?” Which response by the nurse is best?

  1. “Doctors just want clients to go home sooner these days.”
  2. “It really doesn’t matter. Don’t worry about it.”
  3. “Research indicates it is normal for bowel function to slow for a few days.”
  4. “We used to give all clients laxatives, but now they cost too much.”

Correct Answer: 3

Rationale:

  1. Cost containment and managed care are the driving forces behind some changes in care compared to a generation ago, not physician preference.
  2. Always address a client’s questions; avoid saying “don’t worry about it” to keep communication therapeutic.
  3. Evidence-based practice is the use of research findings to guide nursing actions, policies, and procedures. Often research findings contradict care that used to be the norm, leading to changes in policies and procedures.
  4. Although laxatives are low-cost medications, there is no evidence indicating that all patients should receive them after childbirth. The evidence indicates that bowel function slows slightly after birth, and normally resumes in a few days.

Cognitive level: Analysis

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: 1.5 Identify the impact of evidence-based practice in improving the quality of nursing care for childbearing families.

 

Chapter 01_LO 05_Q11

Which of the following practices characterize the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice? Select all that apply.

  1. Clinical practice supported by good evidence
  2. Clinical practice supported by intuitive evidence
  3. Clinical practice supported by data
  4. Clinical practice that promotes quality
  5. Clinical practice that provides a useful approach to problem solving

Correct Answers:,1, 3, 4, 5

Rationale:

  1. Clinical practice supported by good evidence is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.
  2. Clinical practice supported by intuitive evidence does not provide valid evidence and data for the proper actions.
  3. Clinical practice supported by data is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.
  4. Clinical practice that promotes quality is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.
  5. Clinical practice that provides a useful approach to problem solving is one of the hallmark characteristics of the basic competencies related to evidence-based practice.

Cognitive Level: Assessment

Category of Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Management of Care

Nursing Process: Analysis

Learning Outcome: 1.5 Identify the impact of evidence-based practice in improving the quality of nursing care for childbearing families.

 

Chapter 01_LO 06_Q12

The nurse is preparing a report on the number of births by three service providers at the facility (certified nurse–midwives, family practitioners, and obstetricians). This would be an example of:

  1. Inferential statistics.
  2. Descriptive statistics.
  3. Evidence-based practice.
  4. Secondary use of data.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale:

  1. Inferential statistics allow the investigator to draw conclusions from data to either support or refute causation.
  2. Descriptive statistics concisely describe phenomena such as births by providers.
  3. Evidence-based practice is the use of conclusions of research to improve nursing care.
  4. Secondary use of data is analyzing data a different way than the original data analysis was undertaken, or looking at different variables from a data set.

Cognitive level: Application

Category of Client Need: Safe, Effective Care Environment

Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome: 1.6 Explain how nurses can use descriptive and inferential statistics in clinical practice in maternal–child health nursing.

 

Chapter 01_LO 06_Q13

An example of descriptive statistics is:

  1. A positive correlation between breastfeeding and infant weight gain.
  2. The infant mortality rate in the state of Oklahoma.
  3. A causal relationship between the number of sexual partners and sexually transmitted diseases.
  4. The total number of spontaneous abortions in drug-abusing women as compared with non–drug-abusing women.

Correct Answer: 2

Rationale:

  1. A positive correlation between two or more variables is an example of inferential statistics.
  2. The infant mortality rate in the state of Oklahoma is an example of a descriptive statistic, because it describes or summarizes a set of data.
  3. A causal relationship between the number of sexual partners and sexually transmitted diseases is an example of inferential statistics.
  4. The total number of spontaneous abortions in drug-abusing women also would be an inferential statistic.

Cognitive Level: Assessment

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance: Prevention and Early Detection

Nursing Process: Analysis

Learning Outcome: 1.6 Explain how nurses can use descriptive and inferential statistics in clinical practice in maternal–child health nursing.

 

Chapter 01_LO 07_Q14

The nurse manager is examining the descriptive statistics of increasing teen pregnancy rates in the community. Which inferential statistical research question would the nurse manager find most useful to investigate to gain a greater understanding of the reasons for increased frequency of teen pregnancy?

  1. What providers do pregnant teens see for prenatal care?
  2. What is the age of the parents of pregnant teens in the community?
  3. Do pregnant teens drink caffeinated beverages?
  4. What do pregnant teens do for recreation?

Correct Answer: 1

Rationale:

  1. Understanding which providers pregnant teens are most likely to seek out for prenatal care can lead to further investigation of why prenatal care with that type of provider is more acceptable to teens, which in turn can lead to greater understanding of the issue of teen pregnancy.
  2. The age of parents of pregnant teens would not give additional information about teen pregnancy.
  3. Whether pregnant teens drink caffeinated beverages gives no further insight into the issues of teen pregnancy.
  4. Understanding the recreational activities of pregnant teens would not lead to an understanding of the issues surrounding increasing teen pregnancy rates.

Cognitive level: Analysis

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Diagnosis

Learning Outcome: 1.7 Discuss how available statistical data can be used to formulate further research questions.

 

Chapter 01_LO 07_Q15

The nurse knows the birth rate by age group in the state. Which research question could be developed for further study from this data?

  1. What is the average number of children per family in the United States?
  2. How does educational level affect the incidence of unplanned pregnancy?
  3. What is the overall nutritional status of adolescents?
  4. Which high schools provide day care for student parents?

Answer: 2

Rationale:

  1. Determining the average number of children nationally will not yield additional information about this state.
  2. Research questions often come from a nurse’s desire to further understand an issue. How educational level affects the incidence of unplanned pregnancy is a question that flows from the known data of birth rate by age group.
  3. Studying the nutritional status of adolescents will not yield additional information about this state.
  4. Schools that provide student parent day care might indicate the incidence of teen pregnancy in the population served by the school, but not pregnancy rates of those who are not in high school.

Cognitive Level: Analysis

Category of Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance

Nursing Process: Planning

Learning Outcome 1.7 Discuss how available statistical data can be used to formulate further research questions.

Test Bank: Contemporary Maternal-Newborn Nursing Care 7th edition Ladewig, London 978-0135025857