Test Bank: Core Concepts in Pharmacology 3rd edition Holland, Adams 978-0135077597
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
- 1) The term pharmacology is defined as: 1)
- A) The study of medicine.
- B) The use of medicine to treat disease.
- C) The branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease and suffering.
- D) The use of herbs, natural extracts, vitamins, minerals, or dietary supplements to treatdiseases.
- 2) In addition to physicians, which of the following health care providers are able to prescribe 2) medications? Select all that apply.A) Physicianʹs assistants B) Medical assistants C) Advanced nurse practitioners D) Dentists
- 3) The branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of disease and suffering is known as: 3) A) Therapeutics. B) Pathophysiology.
C) Pharmacology. D) Pharmacotherapeutics.
- 4) Which of the following best describes the term pharmaceutics? 4)
- A) Herbs, natural extracts, vitamins, minerals, and dietary supplements
- B) The science of preparing and dispensing drugs, and a very important part of pharmacotherapy
- C) Agents naturally produced in animal cells, in microorganisms, or by the body itself
- D) The use of medicine to treat disease
- 5) Which of the following are considered medically therapeutic? Select all that apply. 5) A) Natural alternative therapies B) Biologics
C) Traditional drugs D) Sunscreens and antiperspirants
- 6) Therapeutic drugs are sometimes classified on the basis of how they are produced. Insulin would 6) fall into which category?A) Traditional therapeutic drug B) Biologics
C) Natural therapy D) Alternative therapies
- 7) Which of the following statements best describes how a traditional drug is different from a biologic 7) agent?
- A) Biologics include herbs, natural extracts, vitamins, minerals, and dietary supplements.
- B) Biologics and traditional drugs are identical chemically.
- C) Traditional drugs are naturally produced by the body or in animal cells, where biologic agents are chemically produced in a laboratory.
- D) Traditional drugs are chemically produced in a laboratory, where biologic agents are naturally produced by the body or in animal cells.
- 8) Drugs that demonstrate wide margins of safety and are used over long periods of time are often 8) switched from:A) Traditional drug therapy classification to biologics classification B) Prescription-only to over-the-counter (OTC) drug.C) One classification to a lower, less restrictive one. D) Therapeutic to effective.
- 9) Which of the following statements describe advantages of prescription drugs versus 9) over-the-counter (OTC) drugs? Select all that apply.
- A) The practitioner can maximize therapy by ordering the proper medication for the clientʹs condition.
- B) There are fewer side effects of prescription drugs than of OTC drugs.
- C) The cost of the drug is always less than the cost of an OTC drug.
- D) The practitioner is able to control the dose and frequency of dosing of the drug.
- 10) Reasons why a client might prefer to take an OTC drug are numerous. Which of the following 10) statements is a potential advantage of OTC drugs versus prescription drugs?
- A) OTC drugs can react with foods, herbal products, and prescriptions, or with other OTC drugs.
- B) Choosing the proper medication for a specific problem can be challenging.
- C) A client can obtain OTC drugs more easily than prescription drugs.
- D) Self-treatment is sometimes ineffective.
- 11) The science of preparing and dispensing drugs is known as: 11) A) Pharmacology. B) Therapeutics.
C) Traditional drug therapy. D) Pharmaceutics.
- 12) A client expresses concerns about his newly prescribed medication. The nurse explains that the 12) safety and effectiveness of the medication have been proven, according to the statutes of which
law?A) FDA Modernization Act B) Pure Food and Drug Act
C) Public Health Service Act D) Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
- 13) A client asks the nurse whether the claims made regarding a new medication are true or false. The 13) nurse tells the client the following act or amendment was passed in 1912 to prevent the sale of
drugs with false therapeutic claims that were intended to cheat the consumer:A) Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. B) FDA Modernization Act. C) The Sherley Amendment. D) Pure Food and Drug Act.
- 14) If the FDA discovers a serious problem with a medication that has been approved, the FDA will: 14) A) Issue a warning to practitioners to watch for side effects in clients taking the drug.B) Require that the drug be withdrawn from the market and its use discontinued. C) Continue to monitor the medication in post-marketing studies.
D) Require the medication to have additional clinical trials conducted.
- 15) A certain drug, prescribed for treatment of a particular condition, is found to be beneficial in 15) treating a different problem. Which legislation allows drug companies to share this type of
information with health care practitioners?
A) Health Products and Food Branch C) Prescription Drug User Fee Act
B) Therapeutic Products Programme D) Food and Drugs Act
- 16) A client asks the nurse if all herbal supplements undergo the same testing that prescription drugs 16) undergo. Which of the following statements would be the best response by the nurse?
- A) ʺHerbal and dietary supplements may not be marketed without prior approval from the FDA.ʺ
- B) ʺAll medications and herbal supplements undergo the same testing before being made available for purchase.ʺ
- C) ʺHerbal products and dietary supplements are regulated by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. This act does not require the same research for herbal or dietary supplements.ʺ
- D) ʺThe Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) regulates use of herbal supplements, which means the medication must be safe.ʺ
- 17) Which government agency has control over which prescription or OTC drugs may be used for 17) therapy?A) The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) B) The Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)C) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) D) The National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- 18) Which branch of the FDA is responsible for the use of biologics, including serums, vaccines, and 18) products found in the bloodstream?A) The Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)
B) The FDA does not have a branch responsible for the use of biologics.C) The Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) D) The Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)
- 19) A client has been selected as a participant in the approval process of a particular drug. The clientʹs 19) dose and any effects from the medication are being monitored. The phase of drug approval in
which this client is participating is the:A) Post-marketing study. B) Post-clinical investigation. C) Clinical phase trial. D) Preclinical investigation.
- 20) Which phase of clinical research involves basic science research? 20) A) Preclinical investigation B) Submission of NDA
C) Post-marketing study D) Clinical phase trials
- 21) Which of the following lists the stages of approval for therapeutic and biologic drugs in the correct 21) order?
- A) NDA submission with review, preclinical investigation, clinical investigation, and post-marketing studies
- B) Preclinical investigation, NDA submission with review, clinical investigation, and post-marketing studies
- C) Preclinical investigation, clinical investigation, NDA submission with review, and post-marketing studies
- D) NDA submission with review, clinical investigation, preclinical investigation, and post-marketing studies
- 22) The nurse is aware of the increased potential for adverse drug—drug and drug—herbal 22) interactions, and explains this to the client in the following statement:A) ʺPeople are using more herbs, so the risk for interaction is greater.ʺ
B) ʺManaged care has made a greater number of drugs available to consumers.ʺC) ʺDrugs are being developed at a faster rate than their risk can be assessed.ʺ D) ʺThe restrictions placed by the FDA are stricter.ʺ
- 23) Which division of Health Canada is responsible for ensuring that health products and foods 23) approved for sale to Canadians are safe and of high quality?A) Therapeutic Products Directorate (TPD) B) Health Products and Food Branch (HPFB)C) Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate (BGTD) D) Natural Health Products Directorate (NHPD)
- 24) A client asks the nurse about the safety of medications from Canadian pharmacies. The nurse 24) responds that drugs sold in Canada:A) Are not safe.
B) Are not governed by Canada.C) Are not the same as those sold in the United States. D) Must be marketed with an NOC and DIN.
- 25) A public health nurse is seeking information on bioterrorist agents to present education regarding 25) security and defense in case of attack. Which of the following would be an appropriate resource?
A) U.S. Armed Forces
C) U.S. Department of Homeland Security
B) U.S. National Guard D) FEMA
2) A,C,D 3) A
5) A,B,C 6) B
9) A, D
10) C 11) D 12) D 13) C 14) B 15) C 16) C 17) C 18) A 19) D 20) A 21) C 22) C 23) B 24) D 25) C